Raise awareness of environmental health issues in order to better protect our children and future generations.

12 December 2018

Switzerland: Motion 18.3855: "For a better consideration of health in the mobile telephony sector (II)"

Read here the Federal Council's opinion on this motion (18.3856) which ends with the words, "The motion would unnecessarily restrict the mandate given to the working group charged with analyzing the needs and risks associated with the installation of 5G networks. From the Federal Council's point of view, this motion would run counter to the intended objective" and therefore, the Federal Council proposes to reject the motion. The Federal Council also proposes to reject motion 18.3855 on the same subject, citing the same opinion.

But as we said, there are reasons for hope.  Theo Wirth made this comment on the article, "BR beantwortet Vorstösse": "With Federal Councillor Doris Leuthard, this questionable answer from the Federal Council was to be expected. We hope that the new Federal Councillor [Simonetta Sommaruga] will achieve a more independent assessment of the dangers of electrosmog. Hope dies last."

Opinion and proposal of the Federal Council of 21 November 2018

The Federal Council considers that good mobile phone coverage and access to mobile Internet are essential for Switzerland's economic development. It therefore promotes the digitization of society and the economy and considers that, to achieve this, powerful mobile phone networks (5G) are essential. At the same time, it is necessary to ensure that the health of the population is protected from the harmful effects of radiation resulting from the use of these technologies. In this respect, the Federal Council stresses the importance of the precautionary principle enshrined in the Environmental Protection Act (EPL; SR 814.01).

Switzerland: The Federal Council proposes to Reject Postulate 18.3966 on the Declaration of Non-Ionizing Radiation

But there are good reasons for hope. Theo Wirth made this comment on the article, "BR beantwortet Vorstösse": "With Federal Councillor Doris Leuthard, this questionable answer from the Federal Council was to be expected. We hope that the new Federal Councillor [Simonetta Sommaruga] will achieve a more independent assessment of the dangers of electrosmog. Hope dies last."

18.3966 POSTULATE : Declaration of non-ionizing radiation -
[Note: This is an unofficial translation.]


Filing date: 27.09.2018
Submitted to: National Council
Status of deliberations: Not yet dealt with by Council

Text filed

The Federal Council is responsible for studying in an in-depth report how to ensure, together with the manufacturers, that the non-ionizing radiation (e.g. radio waves) of electronic devices carried close to the body is declared in a simple and visible manner.

11 December 2018

5G: A Wrong Way Driver on the Path to Scientific Inquiry and Media Integrity

5G: A WRONG WAY DRIVER on the Path to Scientific Inquiry and Media Integrity
by Patricia Burke, activistpost.com, 9 December 2018 - extracts

On November 21, the eve of Thanksgiving, a wrong way driver on route 495 in Taunton, MA injured 6 people and lost his own life in a fiery multicar crash.[1]

As we drove past the accident scene a few weeks later, my cousin reflected, “We rely on others, people we don’t even know, to do the right thing, every day, and sometimes our lives depend on it.”

Whether the elderly driver suffered from disorientation, or a medical emergency, or fatigue due to lack of sleep is not known.

But one thing we do know is that complaints and concerns are being raised by a portion of the population; those who are experiencing symptoms of disorientation, fatigue, and sleep deficit caused by exposure to radio frequencies from the towers and antennas lining the nation’s highways and increasingly saturating communities. [2]

10 December 2018

Screen Time Changes Structure of Kids’ Brains, ‘60 Minutes’ Says

"Scientists will follow more than 11,000 nine- to 10-year-olds for a decade to see how childhood experiences impact the brain and affect emotional development and mental health. The first bits of data suggest that the onslaught of tech screens has been transformative for young people -- and maybe not for the better."

Screen Time Changes Structure of Kids’ Brains, ‘60 Minutes’ Says
by Lisa Leebloombergquint.com, 10 December 2018

A young customer browses an Apple Inc. iPad2 tablet 
computer at a store in San Francisco, California, U.S.
(Photographer: David Paul Morris/Bloomberg)
(Bloomberg) -- Smartphones, tablets and video games are physically changing the brains of adolescents, early results from an ongoing $300 million study funded by the National Institute of Health have shown, according to a report by “60 Minutes.”

Scientists will follow more than 11,000 nine- to 10-year-olds for a decade to see how childhood experiences impact the brain and affect emotional development and mental health. The first bits of data suggest that the onslaught of tech screens has been transformative for young people -- and maybe not for the better.

The Role of Environmental Toxins in Breast Cancer: We Shouldn't Trade Our Health for a Paycheck

This letter discusses exposure to air pollution and breast cancer.

Guest column: We shouldn't trade our health for a paycheque
by Jane McArthur, READER LETTERS,  windsorstar.com, 8 December 2018

How did the experts get it so wrong? Turns out, they failed to really look at the evidence.

(Photo): Jane McArthur, PhD Candidate, Department of Sociology, Anthropology and Criminology at University of Windsor is speaking to women who have worked near the Ambassador Bridge, in her research on breast cancer risks, is pictured May 14, 2018. NICK BRANCACCIO /WINDSOR STAR

A paper published last week in New Solutions Journal helps set things right. By re-weighing the evidence presented at a worker’s compensation hearing, Dr. Michael Gilberston, former federal government biologist who studied the health effects of toxins, and Dr. Jim Brophy, occupational health researcher and founder of two Occupational Health Clinics for Ontario Workers, point to workplace exposures as a likely cause for one woman’s breast cancer, in spite of the ruling by the experts on the Ontario Workplace Safety and Insurance Appeals Tribunal.

Groundbreaking NIH Study Examines Effects of Screen Time on Kids

The interviews and data from the NIH study have already revealed something else: kids who spend more than two hours a day on screens got lower scores on thinking and language tests.

The iPhone was introduced in 2007. Smartphones gained widespread usage among young people by 2012. Jean Twenge says she was startled to find that in the four years that followed, the percentage of teens who reported drinking or having sex fell. But the percentage who said they were lonely or depressed spiked.

Jean Twenge: It's not just the loneliness and depression from these surveys. It's also that ER visits for self harm like cutting have tripled among girls age 10 to 14.

Groundbreaking study examines effects of screen time on kids
Correspondent Anderson Cooper, cbsnews.com, 9 December 2018 -
Transcript of "60 Minutes" program

60 Minutes goes inside a landmark government study of young minds to see if phones, tablets and other screens are impacting adolescent brain development

Correspondent Anderson Cooper with Jean Twenge
If you have kids and wonder if all that time they spend on their smartphones endlessly scrolling, snapping and texting is affecting their brains, you might want to put down your own phone and pay attention. The federal government, through the National Institutes of Health, has launched the most ambitious study of adolescent brain development ever attempted. In part, scientists are trying to understand what no one currently does: how all that screen time impacts the physical structure of your kids' brains, as well as their emotional development and mental health.

At 21 sites across the country scientists have begun interviewing nine and ten-year-olds and scanning their brains. They'll follow more than 11,000 kids for a decade, and spend $300 million doing it. Dr. Gaya Dowling of the National Institutes of Health gave us a glimpse of what they've learned so far.

09 December 2018

Radiation Warning: 5G Exposes Cities To Untested Microwave Pollution

Radiation Warning: 5G Expose Cities To Untested Microwave Pollution
worldhealth.net, 12 November 2018

Companies are racing ahead, set on being the first carrier to debut this G5 networks, telecommunications giant Sprint is racing to roll out their technology this year, and they may have to contend with the public that is waking up to the possible health threats posed by this new wireless technology.

Sprint has stated that Atlanta, Chicago, Dallas, Houston, LA, and Washington, DC are ready and primed to go live with 5G, seeming to be all too happy to ignore the prospect of increased EMF radiation and the increased possible health risks that will accompany it.

New fifth generation wireless networks are said to feature substantial increases in data and speed capacity, to enable further connection with the interwebs and linked systems of cell phones, laptops, home appliances, security systems, cars, and drones. Sprint is dubbing this new level of innovation and progress, but health experts are warning we are just now learning about long term exposure to 2G and 3G and this advance is untested and could expose us to new levels of unwanted radiation.

Europe Should Be Wary of Huawei, EU Tech Official Says

Switzerland should take heed of this warning.  Huawei is already managing and developing the 5G network for the Swiss telecoms company, Sunrise.  In mid-August, on the occasion of Doris Leuthard's (Federal Councilor and Swiss communications minister) visit to Shenzhen, Eric Xu, Director of Huawei, promised "massive investments" in Switzerland, with the aim of opening two research and development centres in Lausanne and Zurich. The aim would be to approach the polytechnic schools (EPFL). When contacted on this point, Huawei stated that it "was still in the negotiation phase for these two centers".  (ref:  "Banned by several countries, Huawei wants to expand in Switzerland" - article in French).

In July this year, several newspapers reported that after leaving Parliament, Doris Leuthard would become a member of a group working on the global governance of digitization. Set up by UN Secretary-General António Guterres, the 22-member group will be led by Melinda Gates, wife of Microsoft's founder and co-founder of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, as well as Jack Ma, founder of China's Alibaba e-commerce group. The other members are representatives of government authorities, the private sector, the scientific community and civil society. (ref. ICT Journal - article in French).

Europe should be wary of Huawei, EU tech official says
by Francesco Guarascio, Foo Yun Chee, Reuters, 7 December 2018

European Commission Vice-President Andrus Ansip
attends the GovTech Summit at Paris city hall,
France, November 12, 2018. 
Reuters/Charles Platiau
BRUSSELS (Reuters) - The European Union should be worried about Huawei [HWT.UL] and other Chinese technology companies because of the risk they pose to the bloc’s industry and security, the EU’s technology chief said on Friday, echoing concerns raised elsewhere in the world.

Huawei expressed disappointment at EU tech commissioner Andrus Ansip’s comments, saying it had never been asked to install technology that could be used for spying and never would.

“Do we have to be worried about Huawei or other Chinese companies? Yes, I think we have to be worried about those companies,” Ansip told a news conference in Brussels, days after a top executive at Huawei was arrested in Canada as part of an investigation into alleged bank fraud.

08 December 2018

U.S. Senator Richard Blumenthal Urges Cancer Study of 5G Technology

Blumenthal Urges Cancer Study of 5G Technology
by Christine Stuart, ctnewsjunkie.com, 3 December 2018

U.S. Sen. Richard Blumenthal and Blake Levitt
Christine Stuart / CTNewsjunkie
HARTFORD, CT — (Updated) U.S. Sen. Richard Blumenthal said 5G technology offers the tremendous promise of higher speed and reliability, but there are no studies of the “health hazards associated with the radio frequency,” of the new technology.

“We need to know whether the radio frequencies can cause cancer,” Blumenthal said.

He said there are studies of the 2G and 3G technologies of tumors and cancers in lab rats when they are exposed to the radio frequencies.

He said this has nothing to do with the aesthetic effects of additional cell towers or the inconvenience of transmitters in neighborhoods, close to schools and workplaces. He said it simply has not been studied.

Planetary Electromagnetic Pollution: It Is Time to Assess Its Impact

Priyanka Bandara, David O Carpenter, thelancet.com, December, 2018

Open Access Published:December, 2018

As the Planetary Health Alliance moves forward after a productive second annual meeting, a discussion on the rapid global proliferation of artificial electromagnetic fields would now be apt. The most notable is the blanket of radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation, largely microwave radiation generated for wireless communication and surveillance technologies, as mounting scientific evidence suggests that prolonged exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation has serious biological and health effects. However, public exposure regulations in most countries continue to be based on the guidelines of the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection1 and Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers,2 which were established in the 1990s on the belief that only acute thermal effects are hazardous. Prevention of tissue heating by radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation is now proven to be ineffective in preventing biochemical and physiological interference. For example, acute non-thermal exposure has been shown to alter human brain metabolism by NIH scientists,3 electrical activity in the brain,4 and systemic immune responses.5 Chronic exposure has been associated with increased oxidative stress and DNA damage6, 7 and cancer risk.8 Laboratory studies, including large rodent studies by the US National Toxicology Program9 and Ramazzini Institute of Italy,10 confirm these biological and health effects in vivo. As we address the threats to human health from the changing environmental conditions due to human activity,11 the increasing exposure to artificial electromagnetic radiation needs to be included in this discussion.

Figure thumbnail gr1

Figure Typical maximum daily exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation from man-made and natural power flux densities in comparison with International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection safety guidelines

07 December 2018

Phonegate: ANFR: Hearing Scheduled for December 14 Before the Administrative Court of Melun

ANFR: hearing scheduled for December 14 before the Administrative Court of Melun
PhoneGate Team, phonegatealert.org, 7 décembre 2018

On 1 December 2017, Dr Arazi personally filed an action against the National Frequency Agency (ANFR) before the Melun Administrative Court. Its objective was to obtain, among other things, the full publication of the test reports carried out by ANFR in 2015. The association created in March 2018 fully supports its President in his dealings with ANFR.

In this context, in March 2018, ANFR decided to publish these reports as well as those prepared previously. However, for each of the reports posted on the Open Data data.anfr.fr website, the following statement appears: “Formatting for publication” with a new date indicating that “Changes” have been made to the original document.

Apple Now Says Its Smartwatch Tech to Detect Atrial Fibrillation Is Not for Those with Atrial Fibrillation

Apple now says its smartwatch tech to detect atrial fibrillation is not for those with atrial fibrillation
By Christopher Rowland, The Washington Post, 6 December 2018

Jeff Williams, Apple's chief operating officer, says the tech
giant's latest smartwatch "is the ultimate guardian for
your health."
(Marcio Jose Sanchez/AP)
The fine print on Apple’s latest foray into health care carries a seemingly strange caveat: its new Apple Watch technology to detect atrial fibrillation is not intended for people who have atrial fibrillation.

The contradiction sums up the deeper questions raised by the introduction of a mass-market monitoring tool for the heart. Apple’s products are designed to inspire, with clean designs and seamless operation. But health care is messy and unpredictable.

The latest gadget worn on the wrist is simply not accurate enough to handle the task of assessing serious medical conditions, according to health officials. It’s mostly a gateway for conversations with your doctor, and Apple’s detailed setup screens for the new watch are loaded with warnings and explanations, including one that informs people with atrial fibrillation that the Apple Watch app is not for them.

Why Are Countries Banning Huawei?

Why are countries banning Huawei?
aljazeera.com, 7 December 2018

Canada arrested the CFO of Huawei, but the Chinese tech company has been scrutinised for years for security reasons.

Huawei will play a major part in the global rollout of 5G
mobile internet [Reuters]
On Thursday, Canadian authorities arrested Meng Wanzhou, the chief financial officer (CFO) of Chinese tech company Huawei.

The details of the arrest are still unclear but Meng faces extradition to the United States, according to the Canadian Department of Justice.

Following the arrest, both the Chinese embassy, as well as Huawei called for the release of Meng, who is the daughter of the company's founder Ren Zhengfei.

06 December 2018

Michigan State Senator Patrick Colbeck: Wireless Technology Poses Risks

Opinion: Wireless technology poses risks
by Michigan State Senator Patrick Colbeck, Opinion, eu.detroitnews.com, 5 December 2018

As an aerospace engineer, I have worked on high-tech programs such as the International Space Station and virtual reality training systems for the Department of Defense.

As a state senator, though, I have a responsibility to also look out for the best interests of our citizens. It is in this light that I believe it is time to go beyond looking at the benefits of high tech devices and start to give serious consideration to the risks they pose to the health and welfare of our citizens.

(Photo):  In this Monday, May 22, 2017, photo, Nick Blase climbs a cellular phone tower to perform maintenance in High Ridge, Mo. Blase is a United States Army Reserve veteran who now works for True North Management Services, a company that builds and manages cellphone networks and has a program to train and hire veterans like Blase.  Jeff Roberson, AP

Wireless technologies such as smart meters, cell phones, Wi-Fi and so-called “small cell” 5G deployments merit particular scrutiny. Each of these technologies emits wireless radiation that has been demonstrated to have adverse health impacts such as cancer, cardiovascular impairment, infertility, and much more. These health impacts have been proven to be fact not fiction. Furthermore, there are significant risks to personal data privacy and national security that need to be addressed.

05 December 2018

A Review Translated from the Russian and Ukrainian Research on Millimetre Waves (similar to 5G) Published in 2001

A Review Translated from the Russian and Ukrainian Research on Millimetre Waves (similar to 5G) published in 2001
magdahavas.com, 16 February 2018, updated 7 July 2018

February 16, 2018: I recently came across a document in my files that consists of a review of research from Russia and the Ukraine on microwave radiation that includes frequencies from 30 to 300 GHz.

This range of frequencies from 30 to 300 GHz is called millimetre waves (mm waves) and is the range that is being tested for 5G technology. To my knowledge there is very limited unclassified research available documenting the short-term and long-term biological effects of these high GHz frequencies and because of this, this translation is very valuable.

U.S. Senator Richard Blumenthal Pushes to Investigate Link Between 5G Wireless Tech and Cancer

Senator Blumenthal pushes to investigate link between 5G wireless tech and cancer
By Hector Ramirezwtnh.com. 3 December 2018

Watch Senator Blumenthal's 22-minute briefing on concerns with possible health risks posed by 5G wireless technology.

Read Senator Blumenthal's and Representative Anna Eshoo's letter to FCC Commissioner Brendan Carr.

HARTFORD, Conn. (WTNH) - Senator Blumenthal is calling for a federal probe at the Legislative Office Building in Hartford on possible cancer risks posed by the new 5G wireless technology on Monday.

The conference was held in the Room 1B of the Legislative Office Building in Hartford at 11 a.m. Monday morning.

Senator Blumenthal was joined by Paul Salisbury and Blake Levitt to discuss the possible cancers risks by 5G wireless technology.

The latest wireless technology relies on new antennas and transmitters that are clustered lower to the ground and closer to homes and schools.

Despite early evidence of possible cancer risks posed by some wireless frequencies, the Federal Communications Commission has thus far refused to investigate.


04 December 2018

Switzerland: Assessment of the Ban on Cell Phones After Three Months in Several Schools in Canton Vaud

"Without our cell phone, the teachers think we're going to die."
by Caroline Zuercher, ABO+, 24heures.ch, 3 December 2018 (translation of most of the article)

Students hold up their cell phones. Photo: VQH/Florian Cella
"When my mother found out there was this rule, she told me it was right for me!" Salma is a schoolgirl in Villeneuve Haut-Lac, one of the ten establishments in canton Vaud where mobile phones have been banned since the start of the school year in September. Its director, Jean-François Theubet, hastened to rectify: "What is not allowed is free use. But the phone can be used under the control of an adult, for example to photograph the result of a science experiment."

In other words: no more devices at recess or between, including when students change buildings. Use is also prohibited while within the school perimeter, between 7:30 a.m. and noon and between 1:00 p.m. and 4:30 p.m. What do the students think about it? We met a grade 11 class (last year of compulsory school) composed of fourteen teenagers, eight girls and six boys aged 14 to 16.

Twenty New Papers on Electromagnetic Fields and Biology or Health (3 December 2018)

Twenty new papers on electromagnetic fields and biology or health, courtesy of Joel M. Moskowitz, Ph.D., Director, Center for Family and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley.
Electromagnetic Radiation Safety, 3 December 2018

[Dr. Moscowitz] has been circulating abstracts of newly-published scientific papers on wireless radiation and electromagnetic fields (EMF) about once a month since August, 2016. Several hundred EMF scientists around the world receive these updates. The complete collection including the papers below now contains more than 500 abstracts.

To see the latest studies or download the 370-page document (pdf) go to the following web page:
Recent Research on Wireless Radiation and Electromagnetic Fields

Recent News

ANSES (The French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety) announced its annual call for research proposals on radiofrequency radiation and health / and EHS -- Feb 9, 2019 deadline.

French version : https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/APREST_2019-RFSante.pdf
For English version, please ask : recherche@anses.fr or check https://www.anses.fr/en/liste-appel-projet-de-recherche

Other items that may be of interest (e.g. smart grids, ELF, cancer, sociology about risk assessment...) are in the general APREST call - Jan 8, 2019 deadline:


U.S. Senator Richard Blumenthal Presses FCC Commissioner Brendan Carr to Disclose Evidence of '5G Safety'

Blumenthal Presses FCC Commissioner Brendan Carr to Disclose Evidence of ‘5G Safety’
businesswire.com, 3 December 2018

WASHINGTON--(BUSINESS WIRE)--The National Institute for Science, Law & Public Policy (NISLAPP) applauds Connecticut Senator Richard Blumenthal (D-CT) for pressing FCC Commissioner Brendan Carr, Esq. to provide documentation substantiating the Commissioner’s remarks defending ‘5G safety.’

NISLAPP seconds this request. Jim Turner, Esq., President of NISLAPP, says:

“NISLAPP considers it a mistake to place new high-frequency radiating antennas in local communities, in very close proximity to homes, offices and schools, when no pre-market health testing at scale has been conducted on the effects of the radiation emitted, to our knowledge, and when much safer hard-wired internet access technologies are readily available. We strongly support Senator Blumenthal’s request of FCC Commissioner Carr to provide the documentation evidencing the FCC’s ‘safety determination for 5G,’ along with the supporting scientific citations used in making that determination.”

02 December 2018

Is It Possible to Talk about Phonegate on French Television?

Is it possible to talk about Phonegate on French television?
PhoneGate Team, 30 November 2018

It will soon be two years since the media coverage of the Phonegate health and industrial scandal began. Le Lanceur, on December 14, published the first article, quickly followed by two articles in Le Monde newspaper and Marianne Magazine, on December 23, 2016. Since then, many written media, radio stations, Internet, both French and international, have spoken about Phonegate. But not a single French private or public television medium wanted to inform about this marketing of non-compliant mobile phones that are at risk for the health of mobile phone users. Why?

01 December 2018

2.0, Birds, Bees, Health and Radiation: What Does Science Say?

What is your cellphone doing to your
(Photo: iStock)
2.0, Birds, Bees, Health and Radiation: What Does Science Say?
FIT, 29 November 2018

In May 2018, a new study came out that claimed that radiation from cellphones was indeed killing the birds and the bees and destroying plants. Superstar Rajnikanth’s latest sci fi thriller 2.0 doesn’t sound that far fetched anymore, does it?

The EU backed analysis studied 97 different research papers before coming to this conclusion. Earlier in 2010, as reported by The Telegraph, a study claimed that radiation may interfere with what they called the magnetic compass that the birds and bees use.

And we all know what happens when the bees die, right? The world comes to an end.

“Mark My Words, AI Is Far More Dangerous Than Nukes.” – Elon Musk

“Mark My Words, AI Is Far More Dangerous Than Nukes.” – Elon Musk
By Arjun Waliacollective-evolution.com, 27 November 2018


The Facts:
Earlier this year Elon Musk said that artificial intelligence could be more dangerous than nuclear weapons.

Reflect On:
Why is there no oversight in the AI industry? AI has already become self-aware and learns by itself. What type of threats does this pose? How could it be used to our advantage to help the Earth?

Earlier this year, Elon Musk gave an interview where he alluded to the idea of Artificial Intelligence being far more dangerous than nuclear weapons. This is quite a bold statement, which led to a lot of backlash, given the destruction and devastation that nuclear weapons can cause.

New Research on 5G: A Blunt Warning from the IT'IS Foundation in Zurich

"The results also show that the peak-to-average ratio of 1,000 tolerated by the International Council on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection guidelines may lead to permanent tissue damage after even short exposures, highlighting the importance of revisiting existing exposure guidelines."

Systematic Derivation of Safety Limits for Time-Varying 5G Radiofrequency Exposure Based on Analytical Models and Thermal Dose
Neufeld, Esra1; Kuster, Niels1,2

Health Physics: December 2018 - Volume 115 - Issue 6 - p 705–711
doi: 10.1097/HP.0000000000000930


Bayer to Sell Businesses, Cut Jobs After Monsanto Deal

File Photo:  A plant belonging to Germany's largest
drugmaker Bayer is seen in Leverkusen December
15, 2013.
Reuters/Ina Fassbender/File Photo
Bayer to sell businesses, cut jobs after Monsanto deal
by Ludwig Burger, Reuters, 29 November 2018

FRANKFURT (Reuters) - Bayer (BAYGn.DE), the German drugmaker that bought U.S. seed company Monsanto, announced on Thursday the sale of a number of businesses, around 12,000 job cuts and 3.3 billion euros ($3.8 billion) in impairments.

Chief Executive Werner Baumann is under pressure to boost Bayer’s share price after a drop of more than 35 percent so far this year, dragged down by concern over more than 9,000 lawsuits it faces over an alleged cancer-causing effect of Monsanto’s Roundup weed killer.